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Phlegra fasciata  (Hahn, 1826)
≤ 1900   1901-1979   1980-2005   2006 ≤
Description: This is the only northern European species with a characteristic striped appearance, and especially the female can not be confused with any other species.Female abdomen blackish with light edges and two light brown bands running back from the posterior eyes. Abdomen light grey with two distinct longitudinal brown bands becoming narrower at posterior end. Legs ringed in yellow-brown and dark-brown, the rings somewhat obscured by light-grey and brown hairs. The male has the same striped abdominal pattern as the female, but is so dark that the stripes are difficult to recognize. Abdomen, legs and palps sparsely covered with small, yellow hairs. Legs and palps uniform dark red-brown to black. Anterior eyes with narrow rings of white hairs. Size: Female 6-7 mm; male 5-6 mm.

Genus: Phlegra Simon, 1876. Characters of genus: The genus is characterized by ocular trapezium nearly twice as broad as long, by tarsi I and II having scopulae and by legs IV shorter than legs III. One species occur in North Europe, including Denmark, with one further species in Central Europe.

Family: Salticidae Blackwall, 1841 (Jumping spiders). Characters of family: Small to medium-sized, shortlegged spiders easily recognizable by the characteristic eyes arranged in three rows. The anterior row of eyes is situated on a more or less vertical face, the medians being very large, the laterals somewhat smaller and set higher on the head. The second row of eyes consists of two very small, often minute or vestigial eyes set further back on the head. The two eyes of the posterior row are about the same size as the anterior laterals, and are set about halfway back on the carapace at the edges of the head. The anterior medians are highly sophisticated providing acute vision used to leap accurately while moving around as well as capturing prey and escape efforts.
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