C. L. Koch, 1845
One of the smallest
species in Europe. The carapace with one median and two lateral dark bands somewhat obscured by light hairs. Abdomen light brown with elongate cardiac mark. At each side there are dark sinuous lines converging towards the spinners. With many erect dark bristles. Legs are yellowish-brown, with fine dark spots, whitish-yellow plumose hairs and many dark spines. From a distance the legs appear uniformly coloured. The male is darker and smaller than the female, and with less clear markings.
Female 4-5 mm; male 3-4 mm.
C. L. Koch, 1837.
Characters of genus:
The members of this genus have oval, sligthly elongate abdomens with a clear cardiac mark. The abdomen is the least flattened among the crab and running crab spiders and the legs are the least laterigrade. Therefore they bear some resemblance to the wolf spiders (Lycosidae), but they eyes are quite different. Species of
differ from species of
by having legs IV the longest and the strongly recurved posterior row of eyes. The anterior row is short. Eyes of the posterior row are almost uniformly spaced. The carapace and abdomen is without a dark longitudinal band.
Thorell, 1870 (Running Crab Spiders).
Characters of family:
The philodromids belong to the group of araneomorph, ecribellate spider families having 8 eyes and 2 tarsal claws. The eyes are not situated on tubercles. In many species they are fairly equal in size, however in some species all eyes of the anterior row or just the anterior medials are larger. The eyes are arranged in
two recurved rows
of four with the posterior row sometimes more strongly recurved than the anterior row. All legs are of about the same lengths or legs II alone longer (twice as long in
). The legs are laterigrade so that the morphologically dorsal surface is rotated about one quarter of a turn to a posterior position. Tarsi I and II are provided with scopulae and claw tufts composed of spatulate hairs (thickest point on the distal half). The anterior tibia are sometimes provided with a
row of long spines
. Other diagnostics characters which separate philodromids from the related thomisids and sparassids include the lack of a colulus and the absence of tapetum in the secondary eyes. The carapace is as long as wide or elongate, rather flattened usually with fovea absent. It is densely clothed in
hairs. The carapace is frequently marked by a lighter longitudinal band of about the same width as the eye rows. The
is oval corresponding with carapace form, apex blunt between coxa IV. The cheliceral fang furrow usually has no teeth. The labium is longer than wide. Endites are longer than labium and converge in front. The female palp has a small toothed claw. The shape of the abdomen is oval, in some species slightly longer than wide, in others quite elongate. In most species the widest point of the abdomen is found in the rear half. It is densely covered with recumbent hairs and sparsely covered with longer, erect hairs. The
is darker than the surrounding abdomen, sometimes very distinctive as in e.g.
. It may be followed by a series of chevrons. The spinners are simple. The tracheal spiracle is situated close to the spinners. The epigyne is usually small having a median septum. The male palp is furnished with a tibial apophysis; the shape of which is important when identifying to species level using the stereomicroscope.
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