(C. L. Koch, 1837)
Female with brownish abdomen with two pairs of light patches, of which the posterior pair is much larger than the anterior. The male is darker, almost black, and with more contrasted markings. The carapace with small, but distinct white triangle slightly behind the posterior row of eyes. A white median line extends from the triangle to the rear of the carapace. Additionally white lines extends back from each eye in the second row along the margins of the carapace. Two transverse white lines are present at the anterior eyes, one above the eyes and one below. Anterior medial eyes are ringed with red hairs. The palps also with some red and white hairs. The abdomen is dark with vague white median line, about midway flanked by small white dots, further back flanked by two larger white patches. Legs with clear rings of white hairs.
Female 5-6 mm; male 4-5 mm.
Characters of genus:
Plumb spiders, usually in darkbrown or greyish-black colours. They are characterized by having one or two pairs of white spots on the abdomen made of patches of white hairs. In some species, such as
, spots are indistinct. Legs IV clearly longer than leg III, with tibia IV about twicw as long as tibia III.
Blackwall, 1841 (Jumping spiders).
Characters of family:
Small to medium-sized, shortlegged spiders easily recognizable by the characteristic eyes arranged in three rows. The anterior row of eyes is situated on a more or less vertical face, the medians being very large, the laterals somewhat smaller and set higher on the head. The second row of eyes consists of two very small, often minute or vestigial eyes set further back on the head. The two eyes of the posterior row are about the same size as the anterior laterals, and are set about halfway back on the carapace at the edges of the head. The anterior medians are highly sophisticated providing acute vision used to leap accurately while moving around as well as capturing prey and escape efforts.
Male and female
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Danish Spiders from A to Z