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Pardosa sphagnicola  (Dahl, 1908) (Peat-moss wolf-spider)
≤ 1900   1901-1979   1980-2005   2006 ≤
Description: Male carapace dark brown to blackish. Brownish median stripe of golden hairs. Submarginal bands whitish. Edges of carapace brown. Legs brown, unevenly clothed with golden hairs. No annulations. Abdomen brown with some blackish spots and paired white dots. Tuft of white erect setae medially on front margin. Cardiac mark whitish. Venter pale with numerous dark tooth-like short hairs. Female is less clearly marked than males, sometimes appearing almost uniform brown except for tuft of white setae on front margin of abdomen. White median line on carapace indistinct or absent. Venter without tooth-like hairs. Legs uniformly brown. Dorsum of abdomen dark reddish brown with some darker patches and scattered white hairs. Cardiac mark sometimes golden brown, lighter than adjacent abdomen. At other times the colour of the cardiac mark match the colour of adjacent abdomen rendering it indistinct.  Size: Female 5-6.5 mm; male 4.5-5.5 mm.

Genus: Pardosa C. L. Koch, 1847. (Thinlegged wolf spiders). Characters of genus: Pardosa is distinguished from other Lycosid genera by the height of clypeus being at least twice the diameter of a anterior lateral eye, and by the head having almost vertical sides when viewed from in front. Fairly small, slender species, usually with a light median band on the carapace. The genus contains a large number of species, many of which are both common and abundant. They are active during the day, and often very noticeable when running in the sunshine or basking in exposed places. Some species cannot be identified on the basis of the general appearance, and require microscopic examination of the genitals for proper identification.

Family: Lycosidae Sundevall, 1833 (Wolf Spiders). Characters of family: The lycosids belong to the group of araneomorph, ecribellate spider families having 8 eyes and 3 tarsal claws. The eyes are all dark in colour and arranged in three rows in a characteristic fashion. The anterior row has four small eyes set in a straight or slightly curved row, the second row has two large eyes further up on the on the vertical front, and the posterior row has two medium-sized eyes on the sides of the head which can be more or less steep sided. There are only few additional diagnostic characters of importance for the family, i.e. the lack of a retrolateral tibial apophysis on the male palp and that the female of many species carries her egg sack attached to the spinners. The carapace is longer than wide with the head region narrowed and high. It is usually densely covered with hairs and often with longitudinal median or lateral bands or both. In some genera there are characteristic bars in the median band or elongate U-, Y-shaped marks. The sternum is oval to shield shaped (scutiform). The chelicerae are relatively strong with toothed cheliceral furrow and prominent lateral condyle (boss). The labium is a wide as long, about half the length of endites. Legs are spinose and provided with 3 tarsal claws, usually with scopulae for adhesion. The second segments of the legs (trochanters) are notched. The abdomen is oval, always covered with dense hairs. There is no colulus in front of the spinners. The tracheal spiracle is situated just in front of the spinners. The epigyne is well sclerotized median septum which may be large and plate-like. The male palp is only rarely provided with a tibial apophysis. The tip of the male palp may have one or more claws.
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