(C. L. Koch, 1837)
Small greyish-brown species, both sexes rather similar in colouration and markings. The carapace is dark brown with reddish or greyish-brown median band. Abdomen greyish-brown with brownish-black and whitish-yellow spots of varying size. Sternum highly characteristic, with a distinct pattern of yellow and brown. There is a brown spot or longitudinal line in the centre and there are brown spots opposite coxa of each leg I-III and one spot at posterior end.
Female 3-4 mm; male 2.5-3 mm.
Simon, 1864. (Leaflitter crab spiders).
Characters of genus:
The members of this genus have colours and markings that make them resemble species of the
genus. However, they differ by being smaller, by having the median ocular trapezium longer than broad and by having the head protruded from thorax so that the carapace appear less circular. In addition they have only two pairs of ventral spines on tibia I and II, and the body is clothed with clavate hairs. These break off fairly easily, and may therefore be lacking. In some species the setae are very small and difficult to see with a lens. The abdomen is without a folium but with spots and transverse bars. Femur I is often swollen on prolateral side. Legs III and IV are only slightly shorter than I and II. Males are usually darker than females and more compactly bodied. This is in contrast to most other spider species where males usually are more slender and long-legged compared to females.
Sundevall, 1833 (Typical Crab Spiders).
Characters of family:
The thomisids belong to the group of araneomorph, ecribellate spider families having 8 eyes and 2 tarsal claws.
are arranged in two recurved rows of four with the posterior row usually more curved than the anterior row. The median eyes are the smallest, the laterals on confluent tubercles, with the posterior laterals facing somewhat backwards. The secondary eyes are provided with tapetum. Thomisids belong to a morphologically very diverse family of spiders generally characterized by broad, moderately flattened carapace and abdomen. The carapace is about as long as wide being semicircular, ovoid or slightly elongated sometimes with protuberances. Usually, it is thinly covered by a few erect simple or clavate setae sometimes arising from warts. Most species have lateral bands on the carapace; sometimes the bands reach the edge. The sternum is heart-shaped. Chelicerae are relatively small and weak, adapted for quick kills by biting prey in the head. Cheliceral teeth are absent except in one subfamily. Sometimes there are small teeth (denticles) present on promargin. Endites and labium are frequently longer than wide. Legs I and II are longer and sturdier than legs III and IV. Legs articulate in plane of the body (laterigrade legs). The anterior legs are often provided with series of strong spines on tibia and metatarsi (e.g.
). The abdomen is variable in shape and colour. It may be round, ovoid or elongate, nearly always widest at rear half. It is often covered by scattered
. Abdominal colours vary from bright hues of white, yellow, green, and pink to shades of grey and brown in obscure patterns. The anterior spinners are short and conical and situated close together. A colulus is present in front of the spinners. The tracheal spiracle is situated close to the spinners. The epigyne is small and weakly sclerotized in some species. The epigynes of
species can be highly variable in depth of sclerotization within the same species and females are therefore sometimes difficult to identify by examination of epigynes. The tibia of the male palp is provided with ventral and retrolateral apophyses. Embolus is often long and curved along the rim of the cymbium.
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